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albertii

"albertii"


A rare and endangered plant that is of great interest to us is presently saddled with a couple of names.

Although some Europeans currently consider the endangered "albertii" taxon of Echinocereus to be a subspecies of E. fitchii, others in Europe and the U.S. still consider it to be a subspecies or variety of E. reichenbachii.  The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service counts itself in this latter, more conservative group of taxonomists who see the albertii taxon as being morphologically closer to the reichenbachii species than to the fitchii species.  The fact that the regulatory listing of "albertii" as endangered and the subsequent  Recovery Plan used the original Benson (1969) name as E. reichenbachii var. albertii, creates a nomenclatural baseline for the agency. At this point, only a phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of DNA sequence data indicating some other affinity than to E. reichenbachii would be sufficient to evoke a nomenclatural change on the part of USFWS.

Molecular study is ongoing to establish a better understanding of the relationships in this area.



albertii

McMullen County



We gratefully acknowledge permission granted by the Editor of Cactus World and by the author, allowing us to reproduce the following article for our readers:

Berresford, Peter.  2011. The Black Lace Cactus -- an evaluation.
Cactus World 29(4): 185-189.
[Download 4mb PDF]
http://www.cactusconservation.org/CCI/Echinocereus-albertii/pdf/Berresford_2011_CactusWorld_29_4_185-194_BlackLaceCactus.pdf

We gratefully acknowledge permission granted by the Editor of the Cactus and Succulent Journal (U.S.), the Cactus and Succulent Society of America, and the author, allowing us to reproduce the following article for our readers:

Lange, Michael J., and Sinclair, Jim.  2013.  A hard-to-manage taxon: The Black Lace Cactus Echinocereus fitchii ssp. albertii.
Cactus and Succulent Journal (U.S.) 85(2): 72-78.
[Download 3.8mb PDF]
http://www.cactusconservation.org/CCI/Echinocereus-albertii/pdf/Lange_Sinclair_2013_CactusSucculentSocietyJournalUSA_85_2_72-78.pdf

It has been listed as an Endangered species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) on 11/28/1979.

Publication date 10/26/1979; 44 FR 61918 61920: 
Determination that Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii is an Endangered Species

http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/federal_register/fr346.pdf
Published in Federal Register Volume 44, Number 209, Pages 61918 - 61920, October 26, 1979

US F&W has produced two reports which are available online.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1986. Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) Recovery plan.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Albuquerque, New Mexico. 51 pp.
(authors Sue Gardner & Ruth O'Brien)
"Black Lace project.pdf"
[PDF online in November 2015]
http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/recovery_plan/870318b.pdf

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2009. Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii) 5-year review: summary and evaluation.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Corpus Christi, Texas. 31 pp.
(authors Wendy Brown, Brady McGee, Amber Miller, Robyn Cobb & Chris Best)
[PDF online in November 2015]
‪http://www.fws.gov/ecos/ajax/docs/five_year_review/doc2377.pdf

U.S. Fish & Wildlife data page on albertii‬  has more information and status reports.
    


A brief look at "albertii"


Images of Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp albertii


albertii-IMG_1530-PeterBerresford

Kleberg County

Photograph courtesy of Peter Berresford




albertii

McMullen County


  There is considerable variation in the few known populations indicating a great need for molecular study.

albertii

McMullen County


albertii-IMG_1514-PeterBerresford

Refugio County

Photograph courtesy of Peter Berreford

 




For comparison:

Echinocereus fitchii ssp. fitchii


fitchii




Echinocereus reichenbachii spp. caespitosa

caespitosa

From Medina County



Echinocereus reichenbachii spp. reichenbachii


This name is commonly applied to a Mexican population.



Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. perbellus

perbellus





  






Cactus Conservation Institute